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Mourier, Louis

Letter from Louis Mourier to Lloyd E. Walsh

France - Notifies Lloyd E. Walsh of receiving the Commemorative Medal of Volunteer Service from the French Ministry of War for his service with the American Field Service ambulances. Copy of letter contains hand-written notes, possibly by Walsh, on reverse.

Lloyd E. Walsh Papers

1175

Psalterium

France - This text is from a special arrangement of the Psalms. Several Church Fathers made their own groupings for the Scriptures. Of these so-called 'cahins' the most famous is that of St. Thomas Aquinas. The author of the arrangement represented by this leaf is unknown. The scribe of the XIIth century often came close to achieving perfection. The symmetry of his letters, the unerring... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1200

Biblia Sacra Latina, Versio Vulgata

France - This translation of the Bible was made by Jerome at the request of Pope Damsus. It was begin in the year 382 A.D. and finished 16 years later. For his great scholarship more than for his eminent sanctity, Jerome was later made a saint. This version of the Bible was his most important work. The angular book hand, executed with amazing skill and precision, reflects the spirit o... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1250

Psalterium

France - This small Psalter leaf illustrates the fact that, although skilled scribes were available in many monasteries in the XIIIth century, some of the monks who attempted to apply and burnish the gold leaf were still struggling with many problems of illumination. The famous treatise De Arte Illuminandi and Cennino Cennini's Trattado were both of later date. These works gave directio... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1275

Breviarium

France - The Breviary is one of the six official books used by the Roman Catholic Church in its liturgy. It is a book of prayers for the clergy, giving the directions for all of the various services of the Divine Hours throughout the year. The other five official books are the Pontifical, the Missal, the Ritual, the Martyrology, and the Ceremonial of the Bishops. The angular script in t... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1275

Biblia Sacra Latina, Versio Vulgata

France - This copy of the Latin version by St. Jerome was made during the period when France stood at the height of her medieval glory. A decade or two before, Louis IX (Saint Louis), the strongest monarch of his age, had made France the mightiest power in Europe. This favorable political situation rendered possible the 'golden age' of the manuscript, and Paris became the center in wh... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1300

Hymnarium

France - At important festival services such as Christmas and Easter these small hymnals were generally used by the laymen as they walked in procession to the various altars. Much of the material incorporated in the hymnals was based on folk melodies. Hymns, like the other chants of the Church, varied according to their place in the liturgy. Their melodies are frequently distinguished by a r... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1350

Breviarium

France - In the middle of the XIVth century many of the manuscript show influences from other countries. Illuminators, scribes, and other craftsmen traveled from city to city and even from country to country. While the script of this leaf is almost certainly French, the initial letters and filigree decoration might easily be of Italian workmanship, and the greenish tone of the ink sug... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1375

Psalterium

France - The psalter with its one hundred and fifty psalms is the best collection of religious lyrics the world possesses. It is no wonder, therefore, that it forms an important part of so many medieval manuscripts. The Psalms are found not only in manuscripts of the bible, but also in missals, breviaries, and books of hours; and, as they had to be memorized by the priests, they were al... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts

1450

Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis

France - It is generally no great task to assign these illuminated Books of Hours to a particular country or period. The treatment of the ivy spray with the single line stem and rather sparse foliage is characteristic of the work of the French monastic scribes about the year 1450. The occasional appearance of the strawberry indicates that the illuminating was done by a Benedictine monk.... more

Otto F. Ege, Fifty original leaves from medieval manuscripts