Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905-1995. Conversations with David Inglis: Part 5. The Problems of Arms Control and DisarmamentDavid R. Inglis Papers (FS 033). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
(00:01:16)Baruch plan to avoid nuclear
arms race hatched at Los Alamos by establishing an international arms inspection regime.
(00:04:00)Oppenheimer's role in Baruch plan; origins on plan, Acheson-Lilienthal Committee;
(00:07:04)International response to giving up sovereignty for
(00:07:45)Start of Cold War and attitudes toward giving up nuclear weapons.
(00:09:38)Early growth of ideas about arms control through negotiations in UN Subcommittee, through
independent scientists and others (Federation of American Scientists, Pugwash, Bulletin of Atomic Scientists), and through
summer study group at Cambridge; strategies for avoiding nuclear war.
introduction to the arms control movement; opposition to antiballistic missiles, ABM
(00:24:03)Perception of views of scientific community over H-bomb; Inglis's work
with Fermi on H-bomb; disagreement between Oppenheimer and Teller over carrying out first
test with H-bomb.
(00:27:51)Nonproliferation as an important early objective and nuclear
nonproliferation treaty; failure of US to live up to treaty.
opportunities in arms negotiations with the Soviets, including dealing with multiple
warheads when Soviets were willing.
(00:37:20)Star Wars (SDI) and military thinking that
relies on worst-case analysis.
(00:40:25)Concerns over nuclear fallout; nuclear test ban
developments; weapons makers' interest in keeping testing.
(00:45:45)Development of a sea-level Panama
Canal invented for the sake of opposing a complete test ban.
thinking on what would constitute a sufficient deterrent in numbers of bombs; anxiety and
growth in numbers of weapons; trouble with Star Wars and ABM and logic of moving toward an
arms control agreement and nuclear disarmament.
(00:58:07)Optimism over avoiding nuclear
conflict, partly due to presence of Gorbachev and inspections regime; nuclear winter
scenario and impact on global environment of a nuclear war as a major deterrent and
incentive toward arms control; Inglis is not, however, optimistic over prospect of arms
control due to power of military industrial complex and the prospect of population explosion exhausting
global resources and leading to desperation.