Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
In these fragments of a speech (pages 5, 12-17 are missing) Du Bois advances the idea that socialism has broadly influenced the economies of countries across the world so that even within the private enterprise system of the United States we see socialistic innovations in the ways businesses are regulated and owned. Du Bois focuses on some examples of how semi-socialistic organizations like consumer cooperatives can benefit African American communities. He specifically mentions two examples, an organization of five cooperative grocery stores that operated in black communities in Tennessee, and the successful student cooperative at Hampton Institute.