Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
In an address to the 6th Annual Conference of the All African Student Union of the Americas, Du Bois explains his involvement in the beginnings of the Pan-African Movement. He discusses his hope that World War I would leave the former German colonies in Africa autonomous, and the difficulty in attracting African American civil rights groups to the cause of Pan-Africanism ("haven't we enough trouble of our own without trying to settle the problems of Africa?"). He talks about organizing the first Pan-African Congress in Paris in 1919. He discusses the exclusion of Pan-Africanism from the platform of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People despite his warning that "as long as black folks were oppressed anywhere because of race or colour the problem of American Negroes would never be settled." He discusses the second Pan-African Congress, and subsequent tensions with Marcus Garvey and his philosophy of African Nationalism. He participates in Congresses in 1923 and 1927, and sees the influence of Pan-Africanism on various other organizations across the continent. He views the 1945 Congress as being truly African-initiated and led, and warns that Pan-Africanism now exists within the context of a humanity that "is not sane" in terms of the mass scale of war appropriations. The rest of the document is missing.